Taking on Istanbul’s teeming traffic on a bike is a real challenge for even the most cycle-savvy visitor but with Istanbul on Bike providing all the necessary equipment and a number of well planned routes of varying difficulty levels, it becomes much more manageable.

The less confident might want to try the Eurasia Bike & Boat Tour, which takes in some of the city’s most lively residential neighborhoods, but does so comfortably, from a coastal cycle path. If you feel like something a little (or even a lot) more challenging, then head to the Belgrade Forest, just to the north of the city for the Forest Bike Adventure Tour.

This is a chance for adrenaline junkies to get off-road, while getting their hands, legs and feet dirty with a spot of mud biking through streams, trees and ruins.